React app body background color

React app body background color

React gives us a great component abstraction. Each of these components represents a node in the DOM. Each component is self contained, doesn't talk up the component hierarchy directly and passes explicit data and code down the hierarchy. But what about when you have a React app that wants to reach out and modify something it doesn't control?

There are potentially a few use cases for this.

Styling in React

For instance, modals that need to render outside your application's potentially position: relative containers. Or, as we'll see below, your app wants to modify the body tag in your html document. The most common reason I've found for messing with the body tag is to provide some style attribute.

It's not uncommon to have full-page style differences between pages in our apps. If you have a "single page" js app in the browser, you need to be able to modify the body tag in code. Let's use an example where on some pages in your app, the theme is "dark", where the body background color should be black. On other pages, the entire body background color should be the default white. We'll make a component that lives high in the hierarchy and takes an isDark property to determine if the rendered page is dark or light.

You can't mount your React app directly on document. This is considered bad practice, because other scripts or browser plugins often modify the document body directly. So you'll have to reach out of your React app and modify the body directly.

First, you just need a point in time in your app's lifecycle where you know you want to modify the body class. React has a bunch of lifecycle hooks that will come in handy. Usually, we would be accessing DOM nodes that are children of our Component.

Again, in this case, we're reaching out beyond where a React component usually should. The usual React. Instead, we'll just use the document.

React Background Image - Bootstrap 4 & Material Design

If you have some utility for modifying class names, use it. If not, it's small and simple enough in plain old JavaScript. To use, pass an isDark attribute to activate the darkClass class on the body tag:. Are there any other ways you've found to reach out of React and modify the DOM directly.Things were good. With CSS, you had a good separation between the content and the presentation. The selector syntax gave you a lot of flexibility in choosing which elements to style and which ones to skip.

You couldn't even find too many issues to hate the whole cascading thing that CSS is all about. Well, don't tell React that.

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While React doesn't actively hate CSS, it has a different view when it comes to styling content. As we've seen so far, one of React's core ideas is to have our app's visual pieces be self-contained and reusable. We got a taste of that in the previous article.

What about how the HTML elements look aka their styling? Where should they go? You can probably guess where I am going with this. You can't have a self-contained piece of UI when the styling for it is defined somewhere else. In this tutorial, we'll learn all about this mysterious and possibly scandalous!

Of course, we'll also look at how to use CSS as well. There is room for both approaches To kick your React skills up a few notches, everything you see here and more with all its casual clarity! To learn how to style our React content, let's work together on a totally sweet and exciting! If you don't have one, feel free to use the following markup:. All this markup does is load in our React and Babel libraries and specifies a div with an id value of container. To display the vowels, we're going to add some React-specific code.

Just below the container div element, add the following:. From what we learned about Components earliernothing here should be a mystery. We create a component called Letter that is responsible for wrapping our vowels inside a div element.

All of this is anchored in our HTML via a script tag whose type designates it as something Babel will know what to do with. Don't worry, we'll make it look a little less boring in a few moments.

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After we've had a run at these letters, you will see something that looks more like the following:. Our vowels will be wrapped in a yellow background, aligned horizontally, and sport a fancy monospace font. Let's look at how to do all of this in both CSS as well as React's new-fangled approach.

Changing the Background Color in React

Using CSS to style our React content is actually as straightforward as you can imagine it to be. There are just a few minor things to keep in mind.

You can easily figure that out by looking the JSX defined inside the render methods.If creating the Hello, World! In this tutorial, we are going to tie together a lot of the concepts and techniques you've learned to create something that works as follows:.

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Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. The way this Todo List app works is pretty simple. Once you've submitted your item, you will see it appear as an entry. You can keep adding item to add additional entries and have them all show up:. To remove an item, just click on an existing entry. That entry will be removed. Pretty simple, right? In the following sections, we will build this app from scratch using a lot of the adrenaline-inducing techniques we've learned so far:.

This is going to be a fun exercise where we build each part of the app and learn in awesomely painstaking detail how the various little things work along the way. The first step is to create a new React app. From your command line, navigate to the folder you want to create your new project, and enter the following:.

A few moments later, a brand new React project will get created. Since we want to start from a blank slate, we are going to delete everything contained in our public folder and in our src folder. By now, you know the drill. We need a starting point, so go ahead and create a new HTML document inside our public folder called index.

Inside it, add the following content:. This page is pretty basic The real magic is going to be happening in our src directory where our JavaScript and CSS files will live. In our src directory, create a new file called index. Once you have done this, let's add the JavaScript that rounds out our starting page.

Within the same src directory, add a new file called index. Inside this file, add the following content:. Take a moment to look at what we've just added. What we really have is the foundation. In the following sections, we'll build on top of this all the various pieces that make up the rest of our Todo List app.

Right now, our app doesn't do a whole lot. It doesn't look like much either. We'll deal with the functionality in a little bit, but first let's get the various UI elements up and running.

react app body background color

That isn't very complicated for our app! The first thing we are going to do to is get our input field and button to appear.

react app body background color

This is all done by using the divforminputand button elements! All of that will live inside a component we are going to call TodoList. In your src folder, add a file called TodoList. Inside this file, add the following things:.Since the inline CSS is written in a JavaScript object, properties with two names, like background-colormust be written with camel case syntax:.

Use backgroundColor instead of background-color :. You can write your CSS styling in a separate file, just save the file with the. Note: You can call the file whatever you like, just remember the correct file extension. The CSS inside a module is available only for the component that imported it, and you do not have to worry about name conflicts.

Create the CSS module with the. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Example: Insert an object with the styling information: class MyHeader extends React.

Example: Create a style object named mystyle : class MyHeader extends React. HOW TO. Your message has been sent to W3Schools. W3Schools is optimized for learning, testing, and training. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and basic understanding. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content.

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I'm using React. I can't figure out how to do this.

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Please help, thank you. Check it out. This is how I answered the question. A cleaner solution could be to use a head manager like react-helmet or next. Some css-in-js also offers tools to manage global level styles; like styled-components injectGlobal. In the end, there's a lot of tools providing cleaner ways to handle this. But if you don't want to rely on third party, the raw JS option might be good enough if you don't make it too interactive.

The above solutions tell about adding the external library to give the required functionality but instead what you can do is just go to your Index.

I just fiddled around with this for a bit. Using componentWillMount did not work reliably. Using document. And in a css module named Home. Make a wrapper componenet with an id like "wrapper" and then create a style with the color state:. It's been a while since I asked this question. What I've started doing since then is using Facebook's create-react-app setup, and editing CSS files directly.

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How do I change the background color of the body? Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 1 month ago. Active 6 months ago. Viewed 48k times. Ethan Davis. Ethan Davis Ethan Davis 1 1 gold badge 6 6 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges.

Active Oldest Votes. The simplest solution is a bit hacky, but you can use raw javascript to modify the body style: document. Simon Boudrias Simon Boudrias Am I able to get document from within a reactjs component? I'm trying to do this now but not having any luck. EthanDavis document is a global variable in the browser; you can access it from anywhere.

I'm rendering my reactjs from a nodejs server. EthanDavis then the answer is going to be highly specific to how you architect your server side. As such it's not ideal because it's more error prone and requires more manual work.Linking an external CSS file is very different in the React world. There are a few slight differences in how we name CSS files and how we use classes in React that are demonstrated in the code above:.

The next approach to changing the background color in React is to write all of the CSS styles inline. Ironically, this was not a good approach for many years, with developers favoring the external CSS file method for ease of use and readability. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of writing inline styles, or CSS-in-JSdue to its flexibility and control. Therefore, we can write a conditional that passes in the name of a CSS class depending on the value of a variable!

In the example above, we set isBackgroundRed to true. The inline conditional checks whether isBackgroundRed is true. There we have it. An in-depth tutorial on changing the background color! Your email address will not be published.

Inline CSS Styles. Don't miss the latest React tutorials. No spam, ever. Opt out at any time. If you'd like to receive a friendly email once in a while of all new React tutorials, just pop your email above! I appreciate the support! Email address We will never share your email with anyone else.Today we are releasing React It contains bugfixes and new deprecation warnings to help prepare for a future major release.

react app body background color

It is supported to call setState during render, but only for the same component. If you call setState during a render on a different component, you will now see a warning:. This warning will help you find application bugs caused by unintentional state changes. In the rare case that you intentionally want to change the state of another component as a result of rendering, you can wrap the setState call into useEffect.

When dynamically applying a style that contains longhand and shorthand versions of CSS properties, particular combinations of updates can cause inconsistent styling. For example:. However, on alternating the value of toggle between true and falsethe background color start as redthen alternates between transparent and blueas you can see in this demo. React now detects conflicting style rules and logs a warning. String Refs is an old legacy API which is discouraged and is going to be deprecated in the future:.

This release adds a new warning only for those cases in advance of the deprecation. Code like this often indicates bugs. If you do and it is intentional, convert it to React.

To see this warning, you need to have the babel-plugin-transform-react-jsx-self installed in your Babel plugins. It must only be enabled in development mode. This release adds a deprecation warning to the method. It will be removed in a future major version. Replace usages of React. Alternately, you can copy and paste this one-line helper or publish it as a library:. We are now deprecating the unstable alias. It has exactly the same signature.

Configuring the header bar

React adds component stacks to its development warnings, enabling developers to isolate bugs and debug their programs. As an example, consider this hydration warning from the previous versions:. This release adds a component stack to this warning, which makes it look like this:. You can find the full changelog below. Refer to the documentation for detailed installation instructions. February 26, by Sunil Pai. New Warnings Warnings for some updates during render A React component should not cause side effects in other components during rendering.

If you call setState during a render on a different component, you will now see a warning: Warning: Cannot update a component from inside the function body of a different component. Edit this page. Recent Posts.

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